The first airplane to get off the ground was made by Wilbur and Orville Wright. Their first plain to get off the ground was in 1903 in Dayton, Ohio. In World War one they were made of wood and canvas with a combustion engine and propellers. In the war they were first used to spy on the enemy but later they were used for air fights.
Lots has changed from world war 1 planes to the planes we know today. They have a better engine so now we can reach speeds of 500 mph or more. We still use airplanes in the military, but we also use planes very different reasons. We use them to get to faraway places, or transporting goods and even for recreation. Pilots are who drive the plane some people do it as their profession or just for fun. People use airplanes all over the world now.
I think the airplane had a small impact in World War 1 because they didn't start until one or two years into the war to use them to fight. But it was one more thing the warring nations had to worry about. Now they had to watch not only the land and the water but above as well. The civilians were pretty safe from airplanes the only thing the people on the ground had to do was watch for airplanes coming down, like if one got shot down. A positive effect was it gave countries another viewing point but with that means another place they need to defend. Also there was a high death rate because if the plane went faster that 100 mph it would overheat and catch on fire. Another reason why it was so deathly was because of the plane fights. They would fight to the death in these planes the only way to win is if you're the only one left in the air.
In 1911 the Italians, at war with Turkey in Libya, became the first to make military use of the airplane, dropping grenades from a German-built monoplane. In 1912 they also dropped bombs from an airship.